Simple Steps to Make Star/Snowflake Thingy



Each year about this time, I make these 3-D star/snowflake thingies with my 4th and 5th grade art students as a (kind of) simple one-period project. They love it, it looks festive, and they can make more over break. Folks have asked for the steps; I was taught by a fellow art teacher and it was passed down to her by…? In any case, I’m sure I’m repeating something that’s already online, but here it is again. (NOTE: I can make one of these in under 8 minutes by now; feel free to try to beat.)

Materials: 8 squares of paper (I cut from copy paper), tape, scissors, pencil and yarn and hole punch if you want to make a hanger.


Step One: Take a square, fold it into one triangle, then fold again.



Step Two: Draw three lines parallel to the long side, or opening on “top”. Lines should go almost to the other side.


Step Three: Cut on lines.


Step Four: Open the sheet.


Steps Five through Eight: Start with the two flaps in the center. Roll them into what I call a “burrito” fold and tape. It should fit around your finger. Next: FLIP THE SHEET OVER, and then burrito fold and tape the next closest flaps to the center. FLIP AGAIN and burrito fold and tape the next two flaps. Finally, FLIP OVER and fold and tape the outside flap things. You will now have one “icicle” and note that it will not be symmetrical.



Step Nine: Make another icicle and nestle the tips together, pinch and tape. Then find the part where the two icicles meet in the center and tape together.



Step Ten: Make eight total and keep attaching to center and then at the points where they meet. NOTE: the most important step of all is to attach a partial star to BEEP!


Step Eleven: Now finish the dang thing by punching a hole in the top and attaching a piece of yarn as a hanger (as seen at top).

Have fun!


Getting to Know: Samantha M. Clark


After a summer hiatus (due mainly to laziness) I’m back with my author interview series. And while I didn’t literally go to the beach this summer, I did have the pleasure of experiencing an armchair shipwreck adventure unlike any other in this stunning middle grade debut by Samantha M. Clark. I caught up with Samantha to learn more:

Me: Can you sum up THE BOY, THE BOAT, AND THE BEAST for the uninitiated?

Samantha: Absolutely! Here’s the pitch from my publisher, Paula Wiseman Books/Simon & Schuster:

The Graveyard Book meets Hatchet in this eerie novel about a boy who is stranded on a mysterious beach, from debut author Samantha M. Clark. A boy washes up on a mysterious, seemingly uninhabited beach. Who is he? How did he get there? The boy can’t remember. When he sees a light shining over the foreboding wall of trees that surrounds the shore, he decides to follow it, in the hopes that it will lead him to answers. The boy’s journey is a struggle for survival and a search for the truth—a terrifying truth that once uncovered, will force him to face his greatest fear of all if he is to go home.”

I’ll add that the book is a contemporary fantasy middle-grade novel about fear, insecurity and making your own courage while facing the monsters without and within.

Me: What sparked the creation of your book?

Samantha: This book started as a very small what-if and grew from there. The idea for THE BOY, THE BOAT, AND THE BEAST came to me when we were living in Houston. I was walking our dog on the shore of Clear Lake and began to wonder what would happen if a boy woke up alone on a beach and had no memory of who he was or how he got there. The Boy was so clear in my head, and I thought about him all the way back to our house. I told my husband what I was thinking, and we sat brainstorming ideas for over an hour. Then I got to work.

But the real story—why the Boy was there and what his true journey was—wasn’t clear to me until I wrote the final scene of the first draft. I had this huge ah ha moment, when I thought, “That’s what this book is about.” That story came through in multiple revisions.

Me: What can you share about your creative process?

Samantha: I love discovering how different writers approach their stories, and over the years I’ve tried lots of the tips and tricks I’ve heard about. Some have worked for me, some haven’t, and some have evolved into my current process, but I’m sure they will evolve even more.

One thing that has always been true is that I can’t start writing until I have three things:

  1. The situation that is precipitating the story, like a boy waking up on a beach with no memory of who he is or how he got there.
  2. The ending. The ending might change, but I need to have a destination in mind. Like, with THE BOY, THE BOAT, AND THE BEAST, I knew roughly what the ending was going to be, but not exactly, so there were surprises.
  3. The voice. This might change too, but I find that I can’t get into a story until the voice is talking to me. For example, the manuscript I wrote after my first draft of THE BOY, THE BOAT, AND THE BEAST was one I had been thinking about for years, but it wasn’t until then that the voice came to me and I was able to write it.

Once I have those three things, I plot out a very rough, bare bones outline and start writing, but that outline will usually change a lot as I discover more about the story and characters. After the first draft is down, it’s revision, revision, revision as many times as needed until I feel like the story is where it needs to be.

Me: What’s the most surprising thing about your publishing journey?

Samantha: To be honest, that I’ve come this far and now have a book published by Simon & Schuster!! As a kid, I thought authors of books were magical people in some mysterious land. We didn’t have author visits at my schools, and I never dreamed that Judy Blume and Enid Blyton were real people, much less that I could be like them…or try to be. 😉 Even when I got older and realized that being a novelist was a thing that people achieved, I never dreamed it would be something I could do. But I hoped, and hope is the most miraculous thing. Hope kept me working, kept me learning, kept me submitting. Hope helped me write in the middle of the night, revise over and over and over. And hope allowed me to never give up, even if I didn’t think a book of mine would ever be in a bookstore or a library. But now it is, in countries all over the world, and that’s surprising, but also amazingly wonderful.

And hope is keeping me writing more stories, learning more about craft, and creating new characters and worlds. Hopefully readers around the world will be reading those one day too.

Me: What do you do when you’re not writing?

Samantha: We have two dogs and I love taking them on long walks when I can. Too often my schedule is so busy that the walks are shorter, but we do get out in the sun. I also love to cook, and I make everything from scratch. And I love gardening and growing things, although I haven’t had as much time for that lately as I would like. In the future…

Me: Any advice to kids who like to write? And to adults who want to write for kids?

Samantha: The best advice I can give any writer of any age is to read. Read everything. Read the genres you love the most, and read books in genres you think you won’t like. Read books with covers that draw you in and covers that don’t appeal to you. Read stories about characters who are like you and stories about characters who are completely different. Reading will help you become a better writer. You’ll get a feel for story, voice, pacing, etc. Just like artists study the work of other artists, writers do the same by reading.

But also, and this important, know that it’s okay if you don’t finish a book. If you’re really struggling to get through a story, it’s okay to put it down. Everyone won’t like every story. Some people love the Harry Potter books, and others don’t. That’s okay. But you won’t know until you try, and a book just might surprise you. Either way, you’ll learn from books you love, like and dislike. So read… a LOT.

Me: As an illustrator who works on my own covers, I’m always interested in learning an author’s involvement in and reaction to their own cover?

Samantha: I didn’t have much involvement in the artwork for THE BOY, THE BOAT, AND THE BEAST, but I LOVE the cover, and I’m so very grateful for the work of art director Laurent Linn ( and illustrator Justin Hernandez ( Both of them had a lot of passion for this book, and I think it fully shows in the final product, from the cover to the interior chapter frames to the soft-feel jacket and spot gloss. The chapter frames have little icons that change throughout the book, which I love. Honestly, I couldn’t have asked for a better art director in Laurent Linn. Justin Hernandez was the only artist Laurent sent me, but as soon as I saw his work, I was in awe of his illustrations. I couldn’t be happier with what they came up with for the book.

Me: What’s next for you?

Samantha: I’m working on another middle-grade that’s lyrical in voice, has an unusual point of view and has fantastical elements in a realistic setting, like THE BOY, THE BOAT, AND THE BEAST. Nature is also a big part of the story, but the rest is different. I’m thoroughly enjoying getting to know the characters and world.

And in breaks, I’m getting ready to talk to kids about THE BOY, THE BOAT, AND THE BEAST and writing during author visits. As I said, I didn’t have those as a child and never thought publishing could be in my future. Now, as an author, I want every child to know that if they have a story they want to tell, publishing is definitely in their future, but also that whatever they want to do, they can accomplish it.

Me: Thanks so much, Samantha! Wishing your amazing book much success!

Samantha M Clark is the author of middle-grade novel THE BOY, THE BOAT, AND THE BEAST (2018, Paula Wiseman Books/Simon & Schuster). She has always loved stories about ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances. After all, if four ordinary brothers and sisters can find a magical world at the back of a wardrobe, why can’t she? While she looks for her real-life Narnia, she writes about other ordinary children and teens who’ve stumbled into a wardrobe of their own. In a past life, Samantha was a photojournalist and managing editor for newspapers and magazines. She lives with her husband and two kooky dogs in Austin, Texas. Samantha is the Regional Advisor for the Austin chapter of the Society of Children’s Book Writers & Illustrators, and explores wardrobes every chance she gets. Sign up for news and giveaways at .

Getting to Know: Christina Uss


Okay, I may be biased towards books that have bicycles on the cover and Bicycle in the title and feature bicycles and a Bicycle on pretty much every page. But I can also honestly say that I fell in love with The Adventures of a Girl Called Bicycle (Margaret Ferguson Books/Holiday House, May, 2018) for its whimsical humor, awesome sense of adventure and ample heart (and bicycles)! I caught up with debut middle grade author Christina Uss to learn more:

Me: Can you sum up The Adventures of a Girl Called Bicycle for the uninitiated?

Christina: Bicycle is the quirky story of a twelve-year-old girl who rides her bike across the United States in search of her first true friend. It’s full of fun and surprises, plus some bits that seem clearly, fully, ridiculously fictional but are actually true, real, factual, and can be visited by kids on bikes.

Me: What sparked the creation of your book?

Christina: Over twenty years ago, I joined a 2-month-long 4,000-mile fundraising ride that led from Washington, D.C. to San Francisco, despite not having an abundance of physical stamina or bike handling skills. There isn’t an adjective to sum up that whole ride. It was by turns stunning, inspiring, challenging, terrifying, confusing, and electrifying, and it changed the course of my life. When I decided to write my first book, I knew it was going to involve a girl who had a crazy adventure on her bike. And I knew it would be middle-grade. The books I loved best as a kid were all middle-grade.

Me: What can you share about your creative process?

Christina: As a teenager, I used to hear band names in odd word conglomerations: The Inadvertent Cows or Why Me and Why You? or Here Comes the Smug. Now I hear book titles instead and immediately want to write a book to go with them. (I have eleven-year-old twins who are always saying wonderfully weird things, so I have a pretty long spreadsheet of titles I want to explore.) Some of the titles immediately come with a basic impression of what they’re about: for example, I knew The Adventures of a Girl Called Bicycle would involve a girl pedaling from the east to west coast, but then had to figure out who this girl was and why she was called Bicycle and what was pushing her to pedal so far.

When I sit down to write, usually for several hours on weekday mornings (and once I can force myself past the anxiety that I have no talent and nothing to say to open the file and start typing), I could go for hours if no one interrupts me. It’s like going underwater and swimming around, hanging out with my characters in this alternate universe. I write pretty linearly but without an outline – just re-read what happened in the previous day’s writing and start up where that left off. Once the whole book is done, I’ll go back and see if I have a coherent plot and character arc and all that good stuff.

Me: What’s the most surprising thing about your publishing journey?

Christina: Everything about it is surreal! One pretty unusual thing is that my book was originally purchased by my editor, Margaret Ferguson, when she was with one publishing house, but then she chose to move to another, smaller house and asked if I’d make the move with her. My instincts said YES – she was so enthusiastic about the book, and so insightful on how to make it the best it could be – and I’m extremely glad I stuck with her and got to meet the wonderful supportive folks at Holiday House through her.

Me: What do you do when you’re not writing?

Christina: I love, love, love, love to sleep, read, and eat. Sometimes reading takes precedence over sleep. I’m like a literate sloth.

Me: Any advice to kids who like to write? And to adults who want to write for kids?

Christina: For kids: have fun with it! Give yourself permission to write anything and everything that comes into your head, because you never know when something amazing will show up. Nothing you create is ever wasted. And to adults: a wonderful task you must perform if you wish to write for kids is reading what kids are reading. In huge, delicious servings, every day. It may seem like procrastination, but Stephen King commanded us all to read voraciously, advising that we all read at least as many hours as we write if I remember correctly, and who are we to argue with him?

Me: As an illustrator who works on my own covers, I’m always interested in learning an author’s involvement in and reaction to their own cover?

Christina: My cover illustrator, Jonathan Bean, did an amazing job. He also made an interior map that I adore – it’s got sea monsters munching on bicycles! My editor was our go-between (my understanding is they don’t often let authors talk directly to their illustrators so they don’t hound them incessantly.) As soon as my editor told me Jonathan wanted a photo of the kind of bike my main character rode to make sure he got the handlebars and rear rack right, I knew he was a good fit. When I saw his first pencil sketch, I was floored. He’d made the cover wrap around the entire book and included so many details and characters! (In fact, my editor ended up asking him to cut back so we’d have more room for the title.) I thought for sure kids would see Jonathan’s cover and decide my book was a fun adventure in which they could lose themselves, which is all I hoped the cover would communicate.

Me: What’s next for you?

Christina: My next novel, THE COLOSSUS OF ROADS will be coming out in 2020 from Holiday House. COLOSSUS tells the story of a boy in Los Angeles who figures out how to secretly, successfully, and spectacularly fix all of L.A.’s traffic problems. And after that…maybe start working on a book titled THE INADVERTANT COWS or HERE COMES THE SMUG?

Me: I’ll be looking forward to all those titles! And wishing Bicycle much success!

You can learn more about Christina at


Getting to Know: Lauren Abbey Greenberg


Two summers ago my wife and I vacationed for a week on the coast of Maine for the first time. It was a pretty magical setting, and as I faced the wild, Northern Atlantic, I began to brainstorm ideas for using it as a setting for a novel. Then I had a Corona and a nap and didn’t think of it again until my author friend Lauren Abbey Greenberg (who also lives in Rockville, MD, but has been summering in Maine for years) came out with her touching middle-grade debut, The Battle of Junk Mountain (Running Press, 2018), set during a Maine summer. I caught up with Lauren to learn more:

Me: Can you sum up The Battle of Junk Mountain for the uninitiated?

The Battle of Junk Mountain tells the story of twelve-year-old Shayne, who looks forward to her annual summer visit to Maine to see her yard-sale loving grandmother and her best friend, Poppy. But this summer, everything is different. Not only is Poppy boy crazy, she now must work at her family’s store. Grandma Bea has morphed from quirky collector into full-on hoarder. This story touches on difficult themes like mental illness and asking for help and leaves you rooting for Shayne and her grandmother to overcome their toughest battles.

Me: What sparked the creation of your book?

Lauren: This book began as an assignment for the Institute of Children’s Literature. I knew I wanted to set the story on the Maine coast, since I’ve been going there every summer for the past twenty years. I also wanted my main character to experience tension with an old friend. But friendship troubles in kid lit aren’t new, so I needed a fresh angle to make the story unique. That’s where the hoarding grandmother came in. Grandma Bea began as someone who simply enjoyed yard sales, but with each revision her collecting addiction got worse and worse until it became a hoarding situation.

Me: What can you share about your creative process?

Lauren: I have writing bursts and writing droughts (gosh, a lot like my behavior toward going to the gym), and I’m forever trying to get better at sticking to a schedule. I do think a lot in the shower, though. Getting the first draft out of me is a bear, but once the words are on paper, I do enjoy the revision process and having those “aha!” moments that take the story to the next level.

Me: What’s the most surprising thing about your publishing journey?

Lauren: Writing is an introverted sport. You spend so much time alone with your thoughts, but once you’re published, you must flip that switch and become a marketer, a public speaker, a social media guru, and possibly a website designer. No pressure at all! And you realize that even if getting a book published was your personal end-game, it’s just the beginning.

Me: What do you do when you’re not writing?

Lauren: Life is busy these days! My husband is a small business owner, so I help him with bookkeeping, payroll, and other left brain functions like that. I also have two teenagers, so we’re getting into the heavy stuff like college touring, driver’s licenses, and other things that keep parents up at night. Oh, and I hug my dog a lot.

Me: Any advice to kids who like to write? And to adults who want to write for kids?

Lauren: For kids: journaling/keeping a diary is an awesome way to get your thoughts down or to simply write observations about what’s going on in your life. You’ll appreciate it when you’re older, either as a simple time capsule or an idea generator.

For adults: Take classes, join SCBWI, share your work with others in the field and most importantly, read many, many books in the genre you’re interested in.

Me: As an illustrator who works on my own covers, I’m always interested in learning an author’s involvement in and reaction to their own cover?

Lauren: I was lucky to have been included in the cover design phase; I’ve heard that that’s not always the case. When I saw a first pass of Teresa Bonaddio’s creation, my reaction was a solid ooooooooh, but upon closer inspection I noticed the “junk pile” needed work. We went a few rounds of getting it just right, adding specific details that would act as clues to the story. I also loved the background, a golden sunset with a hint of fog, which perfectly captured summer weather on the Maine coast.

Me: What’s next for you?

Lauren: I’m writing my second novel. It’s another realistic contemporary mg, but this time it’s set in a middle school in Maryland.

Me: Can’t wait to read it! And wishing The Battle of Junk Mountain much success!

You can learn more at

Lauren Greenberg

Getting to Know: Diane Magras


If, like me, you’ve never been to Scotland or to Medieval times (excluding that jousting/dinner joint), but would like to visit for a few hours, I have the ticket for you! The only catch is that you’ll have to journey with a girl who, against all odds, is trying to get to a faraway castle to save her captured brothers and father before they’re executed. Oh, and she may have to battle her own inner demons, too.

If this sounds like your kind of trip, I highly recommend Diane Magras’ new middle grade debut, The Mad Wolf’s Daughter (Kathy Dawson Books), just out this month! Drest’s journey from wee lass to legend is not one you’ll soon forget. I caught up to author Diane Magras to learn more.

Me: Can you sum up The Mad Wolf’s Daughter for the uninitiated?

Diane: The Mad Wolf’s Daughter takes place in medieval Scotland, and is the story of Drest, the youngest in her father’s ferocious war-band. When enemy knights invade her remote headland home and capture her father and beloved brothers, Drest escapes, but then goes after them to free them from the castle prison where they’re being held. She takes along with her an abandoned wounded knight from the other side to serve as guide and captive—she plans to trade him for one of her family. She has six days before her family will be hanged, and a journey through a land she’s never seen before her.

Me: What sparked the creation of your book?

Diane: Drest was actually a minor character in another story I’d been thinking of writing. I was trying to understand how she had reached the point of that story, and began thinking back into her history. I had an image in my mind—of a girl and her old warrior father by a bonfire on a rocky beach—and suddenly I knew that I wanted to tell her story, and not the other one.

Me: The obvious and not-so-obvious influences on your book are…?

Diane: My publisher compares The Mad Wolf’s Daughter to the Song of the Lioness and Ranger’s Apprentice books, and lots of people have compared Drest to Arya Stark. I can certainly see all those comparisons, but none of them were in my mind when I was writing this. My biggest inspirations in the beginning were Philip Reeve’s Here Lies Arthur and Kelly Barnhill’s The Witch’s Boy. Though I can’t point to specific themes or character models as influences, I’ll point to the feel of those books and how each author wrote (respectively) a brutal world that was still beautiful in parts, and a story rich with secrets and meaning behind the tale.

Me: Can you share about your creative process?

Diane: I come up with a skeleton of an idea—so the beginning, middle, and end, more or less—and then I figure out who my main characters are. I spent a lot of time researching names since I want them to be historically accurate (sometimes I take liberties, though, but I try not to!), and also any other aspect of the world that I don’t know about. I research the historical aspects of my novels before I write, and then dip into specific questions as I’m writing. And then I whip through a first draft. My first drafts always come quickly, but I also always rewrite them multiple times. I need to have the novel in front of me before I really know what I’m doing with it, and so this rapid first draft followed by layer upon layer of revision is the manner in which I’m most comfortable working.

Me: What’s the most surprising thing about your publishing journey?

Diane: This shouldn’t have come as a surprise, but I remember the moment when it really hit home that this novel wasn’t just mine anymore. I was so accustomed to having my writing be just me in my writing nook at my computer with no one else caring all that much about it. It’s a lot like when a child first goes to school and you realize that you alone are not responsible for every aspect of your child’s education, growth, and relationships. In the same way, it’s a bit scary, hoping that people on the outside (in the novel’s case, readers) will like my wee bairn and treat my bairn well.

Me: What do you do when you’re not writing?

Diane: I read a lot of middle grade fiction, and also research books, casting about for an idea or detail to help with a future novel. I also love exploring woods and trails with my husband and son, and just hanging out with them. (I also have a day job, so that takes a lot of my non-writing time!)

Me: Any advice to kids who like to write? And to adults who want to write for kids?

Diane: My advice for both kids and adults is pretty much the same:

Read a lot, and never stop reading a lot. Pay attention to what you read. Write down after each book what you liked or didn’t like about it. Copy your favorite sentences; that will help distill what kind of writing you love most and what you notice.

Then write, and write a lot, and never stop writing. Figure out a schedule of when you’ll write, and keep to it. Becoming a good writer means practice. But have fun as you practice. Write what you love most, your own ideas from the start or fan fiction based on something else that you love. Just get your own writing, your own conception of the world, out on paper.

Know yourself as a writer. Do you write for the pure pleasure of it? Then just write, and don’t worry about nailing down the perfect draft. Do you want to go farther and get published? It’s a much harder path, and just be sure that you want it. There’s no shame in only writing what you want to write just because you want to write it.

If you want to get published, take your time. Be patient with yourself. There’s a long path, and it includes your constant evolution as a writer. You’ll never stop learning.

And one more thing that’s crucial to writing a strong piece of fiction: Revision is an essential part of the process. If you find it also fulfilling, you’ll be well on your way to publication.

An additional note for adults writing for kids: Read books from your genre. Pay close attention to how other writers find their fictional voices. In addition, listen to kids. Respect them too. You’re not there to teach your audience the ways of the world, but to engage and inspire them.

Me: As an illustrator who works on my own covers, I’m always interested in learning an author’s involvement in and reaction to their own cover?

Diane: My editor asked me to think about what I wanted to see in my cover, what kinds of things I felt strongly about, and what I envisioned. Because I work at a nonprofit that takes listening to its audience very seriously, I put together a focus-group approach and asked librarians, teachers, parents, and kids of my audience’s age what they thought made a good middle grade adventure cover. My librarian friends were able to explain very specifically what kinds of cover art circulate most, and students gave me really thoughtful reactions to sample cover art I shared with them to get a sense of their tastes. My biggest wish for the cover was to have my protagonist front and center, her face visible, and not smiling. She couldn’t look too feminine (that’s not who she is), and I wanted her to look real. My editor and I looked at many, many pieces from different cover artists’ portfolios, trying to find the perfect approach. And then we came upon Antonio Javier Caparo’s work, and instantly knew that we’d found the one we wanted. Fortunately, he had time in his schedule to work on this. I’m grateful that he did. He read the book and understood its feel, who the characters were, and, most importantly, how to depict Drest, my protagonist. He did an incredible job. I saw sketches throughout the whole process, so I knew what was coming, but when I saw the final cover, I couldn’t believe how perfect it was. I also want to mention Maggie Edkins, the designer at Penguin Young Readers, who worked with Antonio on the cover’s particular design. I think my cover is truly a work of art.

Me: What’s next for Drest and her family?

Diane: There’s a sequel in the wings. I don’t want to give too much away, since it ties with some of what’s revealed at the end of Book 1, but let’s just say that Drest has more of a chance to develop her legend, and the story continues.

Me: Thanks so much, Diane. I’m wishing you and Drest much success!


All things medieval fascinate children’s author Diane Magras: castles, abbeys, swords, manuscripts, and the daily life of medieval people, especially those who weren’t royalty. Diane lives in Maine with her husband and son and thinks often of medieval Scotland, where her stories are set. Her middle grade fantasy adventure The Mad Wolf’s Daughter (Kathy Dawson Books/Penguin Younger Readers) is her debut novel.

To learn more, visit Diane’s website at:

Also, find her book on Goodreads, Amazon, Barnes & Noble, IndieBound, and a cool book trailer.